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Sturmgeschütz III

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#1 Feildmarshal

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Posted 28 January 2015 - 11:23 AM

Sturmgeschütz III

 

The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was Germany's most produced armoured fighting vehicle during World War II. It was built on the chassis of the proven Panzer III tank, replacing the turret with a fixed casemate and mounting a more powerful gun. Initially intended as a mobile, armoured light gun for direct-fire support for infantry, the StuG III was continually modified and was widely employed as a tank destroyer.

Development

The Sturmgeschütz III originated from German experiences in World War I when it was discovered that during the offensives on the western front the infantry lacked the means to effectively engage fortifications. The artillery of the time was heavy and not mobile enough to keep up with the advancing infantry to destroy bunkers, pillboxes, and other minor obstacles with direct fire. Although the problem was well known in the German army, it was General Erich von Manstein who is considered the father of the Sturmartillerie ("assault artillery"). This is because the initial proposal was from (then) Colonel Erich von Manstein and submitted to General Ludwig Beck in 1935, suggesting that Sturmartillerie units should be used in a direct-fire support role for infantry divisions. On June 15, 1936, Daimler-Benz AG received an order to develop an armoured infantry support vehicle capable of mounting a 75 mm (2.95 in) calibre artillery piece. The gun mount's fixed, fully integrated casemate superstructure was to allow a limited traverse of a minimum of 25°[5] and provide overhead protection for the crew. The height of the vehicle was not to exceed that of the average soldier. Daimler-Benz AG used the chassis and running gear of its recently designed Panzer III medium tank as a basis for the new vehicle. Prototype manufacture was passed over to Alkett, which produced five prototypes in 1937 on Panzer III Ausf. B chassis. These prototypes featured a mild steel superstructure and Krupp’s short-barrelled 75 mm StuK 37 L/24 cannon. Production vehicles with this gun were known as StuG III Ausführung (version) A to E.While the StuG III was considered self-propelled artillery it was not initially clear which arm of the Wehrmacht would handle the new weapon. The Panzer arm, the natural user of tracked fighting vehicles, had no resources to spare for the formation of StuG units, and neither did the infantry branch. It was agreed, after a discussion, it would best be employed as part of the artillery arm. The StuGs were organized into battalions (later renamed "brigades" for disinformation purposes) and followed their own specific doctrine. Infantry support using direct-fire was its intended role. Later there was also a strong emphasis on destroying enemy armour whenever encountered.

 

As the StuG III was designed to fill an infantry close support combat role, early models were fitted with a low-velocity 75 mm StuK 37 L/24 gun to destroy soft-skin targets and fortifications. After the Germans encountered the Soviet KV-1 and T-34 tanks, the StuG III was first equipped with a high-velocity 75 mm StuK 40 L/43 main gun (Spring 1942) and in Autumn 1942 with the slightly longer 75 mm StuK 40 L/48 gun. These versions were known as the Sturmgeschütz 40 Ausführung F, Ausf. F/8 and Ausf. G. When the StuG IV entered production in late 1943 and early 1944, the "III" was added to the name to separate it from the Panzer IV-based assault guns. All previous and following models were thereafter known as Sturmgeschütz III. Beginning with the StuG III Ausf. G from December 1942, a 7.92 mm MG34 machine gun could be mounted on a shield on top of the superstructure for added anti-infantry protection. Some of the F/8 models were retrofitted with a shield as well. Many of the later StuG III Ausf. G models were equipped with an additional coaxial 7.92 mm MG34. The vehicles of the Sturmgeschütz series were cheaper and faster to build than contemporary German tanks; at 82,500 RM, a StuG III Ausf G was cheaper than a Panzer III Ausf. M, which cost 103,163 RM. This was due to the omission of the turret, which greatly simplified manufacture and allowed the chassis to carry a larger gun than it could otherwise. By the end of the war, ~11,300 StuG IIIs and StuH 42s had been built.

 

                                       300px-StuGIII.jpg

                                                  220px-StuG_III_Ausf_G%2C_Dezember_1942.j

 


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#2 TheTigerTank

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Posted 28 January 2015 - 01:16 PM

This is actually a great assault gun! But would it be considered a tank or artillery?
"Character is like a tree and reputation its shadow. The shadow is what we think it is; the tree is the real thing." -Abraham Lincoln
"Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win." -Sun Tzu
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#3 penitrator

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Posted 28 January 2015 - 01:52 PM

Tank destroyer or SPG not a artillery
when you see my name your already dead

#4 TheTigerTank

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Posted 28 January 2015 - 07:49 PM

Tank destroyer or SPG not a artillery

Alright, because I don't have artillery, nor would I ever use it!
"Character is like a tree and reputation its shadow. The shadow is what we think it is; the tree is the real thing." -Abraham Lincoln
"Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win." -Sun Tzu
"You must show no mercy, nor have any belief whatsoever in how others judge you, for your greatness will silence them all." -Warrior

#5 Iluvtanks

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Posted 20 March 2016 - 03:28 PM

SPG is a class of artillery by the way. ^



#6 je4n10

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Posted 21 March 2016 - 05:39 AM

Its a td not an arty...
git gud noob

#7 CaptainPrice

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Posted 21 March 2016 - 11:49 AM

why can't this be added?.. ;-;


kill my friends or kill any member of AMMO, UNIT, or my clan (ROSE), my gf, heavy unit k9, or any low lvl/small tank and I will show no mercy to him (take note: I'm short tempered meaning I'm easy to make mad)

 


#8 Reventer

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Posted 22 March 2016 - 11:06 PM

Ah the stugger. variant A, armed with a short barrel 75mm howitzer which was popular among the early panzer IV F1 and before variants. Based off the Panzer III chasis which was found to be ineffective as tank combat evolved among the german battle fronts. So the project began for a high velocity 75mm weaponry for the StuG III and panzer IV series. The StuG III F was armed with this gun and it can punch through well about 135mm at 10 meters which was very superb at its time. The stug F had 50mm of armor frontally along with 30mm sides which quickly proved inadequate as they may have to face urban combat agaisnt allied tanks at close range. So the designation for the StuG III G was quickly on the way with its brother the StuH 42 G which was armed with a 105mm howitzer made to take on buildings, cover, bunkers or even infantry. Both had 80mm of armor on the front with a spaced armor sponson of 5mm RHA at the sides along with the new L48 75mm gun for the StuG III G. The tanks series is one of the most produced self propelled anti tank guns made by the germans and proved its worth across the frontline. The StuG III SPAT series were replaced by the jagdpanzer IV, jagdpanther, ferdinand (a few of the VK 45.01 ie Tiger I P were converted), jagdtiger series of vehicles. Warthunder tought me a lot hahaha

You are brought down, will you stand up an.fight once more.will you fall helplessly for fate to come. As long as that handgun stick to your fingers... as long as you got your bullets armed...one can never surrender for what he trusts, a goal, a dream, a passion on what he knows belongs for the greater good. So ill ask you again, will you get up or fall?






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